Clouds 101: Cumulonimbus Capillatus Incus

Genera: Cumunlonimus (Cb) – Heavy and dense cloud, with a considerable verital extent, in the form of a mountain or huge towers. At least part of its upper portion is usually smooth, or fibruous or striated, and nearly always flattened; this part often spreads out in the shape of anvil or vast plume. Under the base of this cloud which is often very dark, there are frequently low ragged clouds either merged with it or not, and percipitation sometimes in the form of virga . Species: Capillatus – Cumulonimbus characterized by the pressence, mostly in its upper portion, of distinct cirroform parts of clearly fibruous or striated structure, frequently having the form of an anvil, a plume or a vast, more or less disorderly mass of hair. Cumulonimbus capillatus is usually accompanied by a shower, or by a thrnderstorm, often with squalls and sometimes with hail; it frequently produces very well defined virga. Supplementary features: Incus – The upper portion of a Cumulonimbus spread out in the shape of an anvil with a smooth, fibrous or striated appearance.

Rod: Cumulonimbus (Cb) -tezak i gust oblak sa znatnim vertikalnim razvojem u obliku planine ili ogromnih tornjeva. Barem jedan dio gornjeg dijela je vecinom gladak, vlaknast ili izbrazdan i skoro uvijek je poravnan.Taj dio se cesto siri u obliku nakovnja ili sirokog pera. Ispod baze ovog oblaka, koja je cesto jako tamna, se nalaze iskidani niski oblaci koji su nekada spojeni sa njim, nekada nisu. I prisutne su padavine ponekada u obliku virgi (kisnih zavjesa). Vrsta: Capillatus – kumulonimbus okarakterisan prisustvom, i to najvise u gornjem dijelu, specificnih cirusnih dijelova jasne vlaknaste, izbrazdane strukture. Cesto u obliku nakovnja ili pera, manje-vise kao razbacana masa kose. Kumulonimbus capillatus je cesto pracen pljuskom ili grmljavinom i ponekada sa gradom. Cesto proizvodi dobro definisane virge (kisne zavjese). Dopunske odlike: Incus – gornji dio kumulonimbusa koji se siri u obliku nakovnja sa glatkim, vlaknastim i pramenastim izgledom.

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Definition of a cloud: 

A cloud is a visible aggregate of minute particles of water or ice, or of both, in the free air. This aggregate may include larger particles of water or ice and particles, such as those present in fumes, smoke or dust.

Definicija oblaka: Oblak je vidljivo agregatno stanje zasicenih cestica vode, leda ili vode i leda, koje se nalaze slobodne u zraku. Mogu biti u pitanju i krupnije cestice vode i leda i cestice poput onih koje su prisutne u dimu, isparenjima ili prasini. 

Appearance of clouds:

The appearance of a cloud is determined by the nature, sizes, number and distribution in space of its constituent particles. Appearance is best described in terms of dimensions, shape, structure, texture, luminance and colour of the cloud.

Pojava oblaka tj. njihov izgled je odredjen karakterom, velicinama, kolicinom i raspodjelom cestica koje ga sacinjavaju kroz prostor. Izgled oblaka je najbolje opisan u kroz dimenzije, oblik, strukturu, teksturu, osvjetljenost i boju oblaka. 

Classification of clouds:

A classification of the charcteristic forms of clouds, in terms of “genera”, “species” and “varieties” has been established by the WMO(World Meteorological Organisation).

Klasifikacija karakteristicnih oblika oblaka u smislu “rodova”, “vrsta” i “podvrsta” je ostvarena od strane WMO (World Meteorological Organisation) tj. Svjetske Meteoroloske Organizacije.

(I) Genera 

The classification is essentially based on 10 main groups, called genera, which are mutually exclusive, that is to say, a given cloud can belong to one genus only. The genera are;

Podjela na rodove je ustvari podjela na 10 osnovnih grupa zvanih rodovi koji su medjusobno posebni, sto znaci da odredjeni oblak moze da pripada samo jednom rodu. Podjela na rodove je slijedeca: 

Cirrus – Ci 

Cirrocumulus – Cc 

Cirrostratus – Cs 

Altocumulus -Ac 

Altostratus -As 

Nimbostratus -Ns 

Stratocumulus – Sc 

Stratus – St 

Cumulus – Cu 

Cumulonimbus – Cb 

(II) Species

Obseved peculiarities in the shape of clouds and differences in their internal structure have led to the subdivision of most of the cloud genera into species.

Osmotrene pojedinosti u obliku oblaka i njihovih razlika u unutarnjoj strukturi su doveli do podjele vecine rodova oblaka na vrste.

(III) Varieties

Clouds may exhibit special characteristics which determine their variety. These characteristics are related to the different arrangements of the could elements.

Oblaci mogu iskazati posebne karakteristike koje ce da odrede njihove podvrste. Te karakteristike su u vezi sa razlicitim rasporedom elementa oblaka.

(IV) Supplementary cloud features 

Dopunske odlike i oblaci pratioci:

1. incus – inc

2. mamma – mam

3. virga – vir

4. praecipitatio – pra

5. arcus – arc

6. tuba – tub

7. pileus – pil

8. velum – vel

9. pannus – pan

4 Comments

  1. Septembar 12, 2012 / 11:24 am

    wow. ko bi rekao da postoji toliko taga sto ne znam o oblaku 😀 hahah
    divno!

  2. Septembar 12, 2012 / 12:02 pm

    Haha e vjeruj da se svasta tu moze novoga nauciti! Radim u meteorologiji i prije nego sam tu pocela raditi ni ja nikad ne bih rekla da tu ima toliko toga sto covjek nikad ne bi drugacije naucio. Sada mi je nesto predivno i rijetko sta mi moze biti zanimljivo kao ovo. Uvesti cu i novu rubriku o vremenskim pojavama, nadam se da ce ti se dopasti 🙂

  3. Septembar 12, 2012 / 12:55 pm

    Amazing. Something like after the atomic bomb, but natural. Nature can be very interesting! Greetings from Poland.

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